For the week ending August the second the USDA crop progress report showed a decline in corn condition ratings, a slight increase in soybean ratings and a continual drop in soil moisture across much of the US.
For corn growth stages silking is nearly complete nationwide at 91%. Nebraska and North Carolina are among the states furthest in corn silking at 97% & 98% respectively. Corn in the dough stage is 38% complete nationwide. That is an increase of 20% week to week. Nebraska corn is 41% in the dough stage and Kansas is 46% in the dough stage. All are ahead of the five year average.
As for corn condition nationwide the corn crop dropped 2% to 62% good to excellent. Nebraska corn dropped 5% to 71% good to excellent and Kansas corn dropped 4% to 65% good to excellent. In the Big I states Illinois corn remained unchanged at 68% good to excellent, Indiana corn actually improved 3% to 76% good to excellent and Iowa corn dropped 3% to 62% good to excellent.
For soybean development nationwide 86% of the soybeans are blooming. That is up 10% from last week and up 4% from the five year average. In the state breakdown Nebraska has 95% of soybeans in bloom and Kansas has 71% of the soybeans in bloom. 58% of soybeans are setting pods nationwide. That is 16% increase from last week and 6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas soybeans are 39% setting pods and Nebraska soybeans are 66% setting pods. Both those are ahead of the five year average.
Nationwide the soybean condition improved 2% to claw back to 60% good to excellent. While Nebraska soybeans declined 2% to 80% good to excellent and Kansas soybeans declined 3% to 59% good to excellent.
The cotton condition nationwide dropped 1% to 60% good to excellent. Kansas cotton remained unchanged at 61% good to excellent and Oklahoma cotton declined 9% to 41% good to excellent. Louisiana cotton still leads the nation at 96% good to excellent.
The national sorghum condition dropped 4% to 62% good to excellent. The drop comes as Nebraska sorghum falls 11% to 64% good to excellent. Kansas sorghum dropped 1% to 66% good to excellent and Colorado sorghum remained unchanged at 81% good to excellent.
Winter wheat harvest is finished or finishing up for many states. Nationwide 91% of the crop is in the bin. Kansas reaches 100% this week and Nebraska is hot on the heels of Kansas at 95%. Northern states like Idaho have a ways to go with only 47% of the crop harvested.
The spring wheat condition continues to be poor as the harvest picks up pace now at 17% complete. Nationwide the spring wheat crop did improve 1% to 10% good to excellent. North Dakota spring wheat improved 1% to 12% good to excellent and South Dakota spring wheat improved 2% to 7% good. Meanwhile Washington state added 2% to become 90% poor to very poor for spring wheat.
Pasture and range condition dropped in the Midwest with Kansas down 4% to 52% good to excellent. Nebraska pasture down 6% to 19% good to excellent. In the Northern plains Montana pasture dropped 1% to 1% good 96% poor to very poor.
Topsoil moisture was zapped last week with Kansas falling 10% to 56% adequate to surplus, Nebraska topsoil falling 2% to 52% adequate. North Dakota top soil moisture is 9% adequate, Montana is 100% short to very short for topsoil moisture. On the East coast Delaware is 10% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture is a similar story with Kansas and Nebraska both dropped 10% to 60% and 41% adequate to surplus respectively.
See all the USDA data here