The USDA crop progress report for the week of April 26th highlights the fact that planting is slightly delayed this year. However it’s not far enough behind that many are concerned about prevent plant at this time.
Nationwide 17% of the corn is planted. That is up from last week’s 8%, but it is still 3% behind the five year average. Nebraska and Kansas are nearly 10% behind the five year average at 6% and 20% respectively. Big I states like Illinois is 23% planted for corn. Which is 5% behind the five year average. Iowa matches Kansas this week at 20% planted, but that is only 2% behind the five year average.
With last week’s cool wet weather corn emergence is a little slower advancing only 1% to 3% emerged nationwide this week. Kansas has 6% of the corn above ground and Nebraska has yet to see a sprout. Illinois and Indiana have both seen 2% emergence up to this point.
Soybeans continue to go in the ground with 8% of the crop planted nationwide. That is actually 3% ahead of the five year average and a 5% increase from last week. Nebraska is parr with the five year average at 3% for soybean planting. Kansas has only planted 2% of their soybean crop, but don’t be alarmed that doubles the five year average of 1%. Mississippi continues to be the closest to finishing soybean planting at 37%. Which is 3% ahead of the five year average and up 22% week to week.
Cotton follows soybeans suite and is 12% planted nationwide. Which is up 1% from the five year average. Kansas has still not planted any cotton, but Arizona and California cross the half way point this week.
As for sorghum planting 19% of the nations crop is planted and it’s all in Texas. NASS estimates that Texas has planted 65% of the states sorghum crop. That is even with the five year average and 2% behind what was planted a year ago.
Winter wheat continues to develop right along seeing a 7% weekly increase in winter wheat heading to 17%. That though is 6% behind the five year average and 3% behind a year ago. Nebraska still hasn’t seen any wheat head out, but Kansas has seen 2% of the crop started to head. California leads the nation with 60% of the winter wheat crop in the state headed. Texas is right behind California with 57% headed.
National winter wheat condition did face one of it’s first weekly declines, down 4% to 49% good to excellent. Kansas remained unchanged week to week at 55% good to excellent. Nebraska winter wheat declined 3% to 40% good to excellent.
Soil moisture was slowly charging in the Northern plains up until this week where we see North Dakota top soil moisture decline 2% to 20% adequate to surplus. South Dakota topsoil moisture also declined 4% to 38% adequate to surplus. Nebraska topsoil moisture declined 5% to 76% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture remained unchanged at 83% adequate to surplus.
Subsoil moisture is a similar story to that of topsoil moisture. The Northern plains saw a decline when it would be better to see an increase. North Dakota subsoil moisture declined 1% to 22% adequate to surplus.. South Dakota subsoil moisture declined 4% to 27% adequate to surplus.. Nebraska subsoil moisture declined 3% to 64% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture is actually increased 1% to 78% adequate to surplus.
Clay Patton has an audio recap of the report here: