The warm weather was very conducive to planting last week. It even helped to get more of the summer row crops above the ground.
Up and to the last week of April US farmers were doing good to double the corn planting progress week to week. For the last week of April though US corn planting went from 17% complete to 46% complete. That put the national average 10% ahead of the five year average. It also puts the national number now just 2% behind a year ago. In the state break down Kansas has planted 36% of the state’s corn crop. That is now 5% behind the five year average. Meanwhile Nebraska has planted 42% of the states corn crop. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. The big I states are almost all ahead of the halfway mark. Iowa is almost to the three quarter mark at 69% planted. Indiana is the laggard at 32% of the corn planted. That is still 5% ahead of the five year average. While all of this is quite an impressive week to week improvement, it is below what analyst were expecting as most thought we would be 50%-53% planted on the national corn crop.
As for corn emergence the nation went from 3% emerged to 8% emerged in the last week. That is just 1% behind the five year average. Kansas has 14% of the corn crop above ground. That is the same corn emergence in Illinois. Both Kansas and Illinois are within 1% of their five year average. Nebraska corn emergence is rated at 2%. That is 3% behind the five year average and 6% behind the emergence from a year ago.
Now to soybean planting. The national number sits this week at 24%. That is 13% ahead of the five year average and 3% ahead of the a year ago. High plains states like Kansas (11%) and Nebraska (20%) almost double their five year average. Big I states like Illinois and and Iowa are almost less than 10% to the half way point. Indiana though is at 24%, but that is still 13% ahead of the five year average.
Cotton planting is keeping pace where it usually does at 16% nationwide. That is even with the five year average and just 1% behind year ago levels. Kansas still sits at 1% planted. Meanwhile Arizona and California both crossed the 60% threshold this week.
Out of all the spring crops oats may be the farthest along with 72% of the nations crop planted. That is 10% ahead of the five year average. It is also 7% ahead of year ago planting levels. Nebraska is almost done with 92% of the state’s oat crop planted. That is an impressive 12% gain on the five year average. Iowa is staying one step ahead of Nebraska though with 95% of the oat crop planted. That is 10% ahead of the five year average.
Winter wheat also enjoyed the sun last week and 10% more of the crop headed out for a total of 27% of the total crop. Southern states like Arkansas lead the way in winter wheat heading at 69%. California edges Arkansas out by 1% though for the top spot on winter wheat heading. Kansas is currently 12% headed. Nebraska, Colorado, Michigan, Montana and South Dakota remain the only states to have winter wheat heading at the moment.
As for winter wheat condition the national rating dropped 1% week to week to 48% good to excellent. Nebraska wheat improved 2% after last week’s decline to 42% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat for the third straight week remains unchanged at 55% good to excellent. Ohio appears to have the best winter wheat in the country at 81% good to excellent.
The first crop progress report for May is also the first to include pasture and range conditions. Kansas range is considered 57% good to excellent. Nebraska range is considered 41% good to excellent. Northern plains states like North Dakota continue to struggle with drought. The pasture and range condition is rated just 7% good. With 74% of the range being considered poor to very poor. South Dakota is just a hair better at 17% good to excellent. 51% of the range in South Dakota is rated poor to very poor.
Soil moisture appears to have declined with the warm weather last week across the Great Plains. Kansas topsoil moisture is considered 73% adequate to surplus. That is down 8% week to week. Nebraska top soil moisture is rated 70% adequate to surplus that is down 6% week to week. Meanwhile Kansas subsoil moisture is rated 73% adequate to surplus. That is down 5% week to week. Nebraska subsoil moisture is rated 63% adequate to surplus. That is down 1% week to week.
You can hear Clay Patton’s full break down of the report here:
Check out the USDA data for yourself here: