The crop progress report from USDA for the week of June 7th has the first look at the soybean crop condition and officially considers US corn planting finished.
With corn planting past 95% complete USDA and NASS are now considering corn planting complete. That means the crop progress report starts with corn emergence. Which is also quickly occurring with the warm weather across the country. National corn emergence is considered 90% complete. That is 8% ahead of the five year average and a 9% increase from last week. Kansas has 74% of the states corn emerged. Kansas continues to be one of the few states behind the five year average for corn emergence at 74%. Typically Kansas would be closer to 83% emergence this time of year. Nebraska on the other hand is 6% ahead of the five year average at 89%. North Carolina is the only state currently considered 100% emerged for the corn crop.
The corn condition decreased 4% week to week at 72% good to excellent. In the state break down Kansas corn improved 2% to 76% good to excellent. Nebraska corn fell 4% to 84% good to excellent. Illinois corn was rated 74% good to excellent. Indiana corn was rated 73% good to excellent and Iowa corn was rated 77% good to excellent.
Soybean planting is quickly approaching the finish line like corn. 90% of the nation’s crop is in the ground. That is a 6% increase week to week. It is also 11% ahead of the five year average. Kansas soybeans are considered 68% planted, 6% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska is essentially done for soybean planting at 98% complete. That is up 8% from the five year average. It is even with where soybean planting was last year in Nebraska.
Soybean emergence is considered 76% complete. That is a 14% weekly increase and 17% ahead of the five year average. Kansas soybeans is considered 49% emerged. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska is 84% emerged on soybeans. That is 14% ahead of the five year average. The Big I states are over the 80% mark except Indiana which is at 78%. All three states are ahead of their respective five year average though.
The first soybean condition report of the year shows the nations soybean crop at 67% good to excellent. That is down 5% from where the crop started last year. Kansas soybeans are rated 66% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans are rated 86% good to excellent. Illinois soybeans are rated 73% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans are rated 73% good to excellent. Indiana soybeans are rated 74% good to excellent.
Cotton planting continues on a sluggish pace behind the five year average nationwide. 71% of the nations cotton is planted. That is 7% behind the five year average. Kansas has planted 89% of the state’s cotton crop. That is 20% ahead of the five year average. California continues to be the only state with 100% of the crop planted.
Winter wheat is steadily heading out at 85% of the nations crop. That is 1% behind the five year average and 1% ahead of where it was a year ago. So overall winter wheat heading out is on track. 79% of Nebraska’s winter wheat is headed out. 96% of Kansas winter wheat is headed out. Both are essentially in line or ahead of their five year average. North Carolina joins California, Texas and Oklahoma for 100% of the winter wheat crop headed out.
Winter wheat harvest is also officially underway this week. 2% of the crop is harvested. That is a relatively slow start for the country as it is 5% behind the five year average and 4% behind where it was a year ago. Texas of course leads the way at 20% complete. Arkansas and North Carolina are 10%-11% complete for winter wheat harvest.
The winter wheat crop did see a slight improvement in condition week to week at 50% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat appreciated 4% to 65% good to excellent. Nebraska winter what appreciated 3% to 56% good to excellent. Oregon may have the poorest winter wheat crop in the country though at only 9% good to excellent.
The spring wheat condition continues to decline this week. Down another 5% to 38% good to excellent nationwide. North Dakota spring wheat is rated 32% good to excellent. South Dakota spring wheat is rated 16% good to excellent.
Pasture and range condition dipped due to the heat last week. Nebraska pasture and range decreased 4% to 44% good to excellent. Kansas pasture was considered 75% good to excellent. Which was a 7% improvement week to week. North and South Dakota dropped to 8% good to excellent in their pasture and range condition this week.
Topsoil moisture is still strong in much of the lower Midwest. Nebraska topsoil moisture is rated 77% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture is considered 96% adequate to surplus. North Dakota topsoil moisture though is considered just 16% adequate to surplus. South Dakota topsoil moisture is considered 22% adequate 0% surplus.
Subsoil moisture dwindled week to week for most states. Kansas held the line at an impressive 92% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture is considered 73% adequate to surplus. Which is a 7% drop week to week. North Dakota subsoil moisture dropped 4% to 20% adequate and 0% surplus. South Dakota was rated 27% adequate and 0% surplus for subsoil moisture. That is a drop of 11% week to week.
You can comb through the USDA data first hand here:
Clay Patton has a breakdown of the report you can listen to here: